Dental implants are artificial parts that are permanently implanted in the jawbone or skull. They are made of titanium and are used to replace a missing tooth or teeth. A dental implant consists of a surgical part that interfaces closely with the jaw bone or the skull to support a dental implant including a crown, bridge, root canal treatment or dentures. Dental implants allow the patient to bite normally without the assistance of a removable appliance. They can be used to bridge gaps in the mouth or to replace one or more missing teeth.
The most common implants are made from titanium. Teeth replacement using dental implants involves the placement of a titanium screw or pin on the surface of the gums or teeth to bridge the gap. Bridges come in different forms including denture or fixed bridges, crowns or false teeth, dentures with bridges or denture-like devices attached to the front of the teeth or jaws. A crown is placed on the tooth that is missing and is secured by a removable screw. Crowns can be made from porcelain or metal. You should read this article for more on dental implants.
Before surgery for dental implants, it is important to take into account several factors including the general health condition of the patient, which includes their oral health history and the current state of their jawbones and gum tissue. Patients with a history of gum disease are at higher risk of developing complications after the surgery and are advised to get regular dental checkups to monitor the progression of their condition. Age is also a factor in the development of problems after the surgery. Patients older than sixty years old are at higher risk of developing bone infection and bone spurs after the procedure.
Before the dental implants are placed, the surgical team will perform a bone scan to determine the jawbone strength and the best candidates for the procedure. The dental implants are then placed on the jawbone after the bone scan to ensure an even placement. It is important for the surgeon to make sure that the jawbone can support the weight of the implant because the excess weight can shift from the implant to the surrounding bone causing displacement. If the surgeon accidentally places the implant too close to the bone, the extra bone could weaken the supporting bone and cause bone spurring or dislocation of the neighboring teeth.
To minimize the risks associated with dental implants, it is important to follow all of your post-operative instructions given by your surgeon. You will need to stay at the hospital for a certain amount of time following the surgery and you will have to follow specific oral care and preventative procedures to reduce the risk of infection. During the period immediately following the surgery, you will also have to take plenty of pain medications to relieve any pain that you are experiencing as well as prevent complications from occurring. The surgeon will provide you with a list of items that you need to avoid so that you can have a healthier oral appearance. Your surgeon will also give you a detailed systematic review of your surgical procedure to ensure that you are able to maximize your success rate with expert dental implants.
Overall, there is no evidence that dental implants may cause damage to the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), but this is something that you will have to carefully consider before having the procedure done. In many cases, the TMJ is misaligned and the implants may actually cause more harm than good. Be sure to check with your doctor if you have any concerns about the location of your jaw in your face or any other abnormalities with your face. There have been rare reports of facial abnormalities and disfigurement due to dental implants, but these are often attributed to other underlying diseases or trauma that occurred prior to the dental implants. Get a general overview of this topic here: https://www.britannica.com/science/dentistry/Cosmetic-dentistry#ref975029.